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Skin.pe.dia
Your skin guide.
Activated Charcoal
Question:
Would Activated Charcoal help to unclog my pores?
Activated Charcoal
Activated charcoal is an odorless black powder made from charcoal that’s been exposed to heat. Heating the charcoal to a high temperature causes small holes to form, making it highly absorbent. Activated charcoal can remove excess oils, toxins and is detoxifying, so oilier skin types would benefit most from a charcoal-based skincare product. When using activated charcoal in a face mask or exfoliator, can help loosen the debris clogging up pores and adsorbs any foreign impurities, and draw it to the surface, to minimize pore size and lessen overall visibility.
Adapalene
Question:
How would Adapalene benefit my skin?
Adapalene
Adapalene belongs to the group of retinoids. It is a prescriptive form of vitamin A that is used to treat acne. It may decrease the number and severity of acne breakouts and promote quick healing of pimples that do develop. During the first few weeks of using adapalene, your acne might appear worse as it is working on underlying congestion forming inside the skin. It may take 8 to 12 weeks to notice results from this medication. It works by affecting the growth of cells and decreasing swelling and inflammation. It proved later on to be one of the best anti-aging secrets. Since adapalene is absorbed through the skin and may harm an unborn baby, it is not advisable for women who are pregnant or who may become pregnant.
AHA - Alpha Hydroxy Acids
Question:
What is the most commonly used AHA?
AHA - Alpha Hydroxy Acids
AHA is a water-soluble, plant-derived acid that is a type of chemical exfoliant used to remove dead skin cells from the surface of the skin. Aside from its exfoliative properties, AHA is also known to accelerate the cell turnover, absorption of skincare products, improve skin tone and texture, and reduce the appearance of dark spots. The most common AHAs include: Glycolic Acid Lactic Acid Mandelic Acid Glycolic acid being the strongest one, and Mandelic acid the gentlest one.
Algin
Question:
Can I use products containing Algin if I have oily skin?
Algin
Algin is derived from alginate and is also known as alginic acid. This is a naturally occurring polymer that comes from brown algae and is 100% vegan. It is a natural, plant-derived ingredient that is used for its emulsifying, thickening and film-forming benefits. It improves the thickness and texture in products, making it easier to use. Although algin is considered safe to use in skincare products, it might not be the best option for oilier skin types as it is comedogenic. If the skin is prone to acne and blemishes, or clogged pores, it is best to avoid algin.
Allantoin
Question:
Does Allantoin work for scars?
Allantoin
Allantoin is a compound found naturally in most organisms. It has properties that have been shown to help strengthen the skin and regenerate new cells to help with the healing process and smoothing of scars. This ingredient is most commonly used in anti-aging creams, scar creams and moisturizers. Allantoin also helps to calm reactive skin that is easily irritated by other products.
Almond Oil
Question:
Will Almond Oil help to moisturize my dry skin?
Almond Oil
Almond Oil provides high levels of Oleic Acid and is extremely rich in nutrients such as Vitamin A, Vitamin E, Omega Fatty Acids, and Zinc. Each nutrient has a specific function that is beneficial to maintain a healthy skin appearance. It is known to improve skin tone, reverse sun damage and reduce the appearance of scars. Almond oil is both a moisturizer that provides hydration and acts as an emollient that helps to visibly smooth the skin.
Aloe Vera
Question:
Can I use Aloe Vera to treat sunburn?
Aloe Vera
It is a polysaccharide-rich gel extracted from the desert succulent leaf of the aloe plant. Aloe vera gel provides multiple benefits because of its moisturizing, wound healing and, anti-inflammatory properties. It is known to help soothe skin concerns such as psoriasis, sunburns and can be used on cuts and burns. In addition, aloe vera contains antioxidants and other nutrients, which help stimulate collagen and elastin production – improving the appearance of fine lines, wrinkles, and stretch marks.
Alpha Arbutin
Question:
What is Alpha Arbutin used for in skin care?
Alpha Arbutin
Arbutin is a molecule extracted from the bearberry plant that prevents the formation of melanin. It functions by inhibiting tyrosinase to provide skin lightening and brightening effects. Alpha arbutin is A natural skin lightening agent which inhibits the production of melanin in the skin. It is generally safe for all skin types and is effective at fading hyperpigmentation and improving uneven skin complexion.
Alpha Lipoic Acid
Question:
Is Alpha Lipoic Acid good for anti-aging?
Alpha Lipoic Acid
Alpha Lipoic Acid, also known as ALA is an antioxidant that naturally occurs in the body. It serves vital functions at a cellular level, such as energy production. ALA has been found to raise the levels of other antioxidants, which help protect against oxidative damage to the skin. Apart from protecting your skin against cell damage, it is known to slow down the aging process and decrease inflammation. It is also a natural exfoliant, which is very near to AHA in its formation and function such as minimizing the appearance of pores and clearing up breakouts.
Antioxidants
Question:
Are Antioxidants the secret to a youthful skin?
Antioxidants
Antioxidants function by reversing and preventing oxidative damage to the skin by protecting it from environmental factors caused by free radicals such as the sun or pollution. Oxidative damage breaks down collagen hinders the skin’s natural repair process, and triggers inflammation – and these often result in fine lines, wrinkles, loose skin, and a blotchy skin tone. By protecting the skin against free radicals, antioxidants help to prevent and correct visible signs of aging and give the skin a more youthful glow. Let’s have a closer look at some of the most popular antioxidants found in your skin care products: Vitamin C – A favorite as it is a free radical scavenger. Vitamin C has multiple benefits such as boosting collagen production, reducing visible signs of aging, and fading dark spots. Best used in the morning as it has the ability to prevent sun damage and inhibit pigmentation. Remember to ALWAYS apply sunscreen when using Vitamin C. Vitamin B3 – It is a powerful antioxidant that improves the skin’s tone and texture, reduces hyperpigmentation, and has anti-inflammatory properties making it an ideal ingredient for sensitive skin types and those who have skin conditions such as rosacea and acne. Vitamin E – It is one of those important antioxidants for proper function of many body organs, including the skin. It is well known for its ability to accelerate the skin’s healing process, which is why it is commonly found in products that are used to treat stretch marks and scarring. Retinol (Vitamin A) – A derivative of vitamin A, retinol has been proven that it has the ability to penetrate the skin deep enough to stimulate collagen production and accelerate cell renewal and repair.
Arbutin
Question:
What are the benefits of Arbutin?
Arbutin
Arbutin is a compound made from the extracts of bearberry, licorice, cranberry, or blueberry plants. Often used as a safer alternative to hydroquinone. Arbutin works to fade dark spots and brighten the skin by diminishing the production of melanin, which is responsible for giving you the pigment in your skin color. Arbutin also has antioxidant properties that can protect the skin from free radical damage.
Argan Oil
Question:
Can argan oil be used on oily or acne-prone skin?
Argan Oil
Extracted from the nut of the Argan tree which grows in Morocco, this oil is high in oleic and linoleic acid and rich in vitamin E, Due to all these rich components, argan oil is an excellent moisturizer and antioxidant with anti-inflammatory properties. It is an all-natural skin healer that locks in hydration, plumps fine lines and wrinkles, fights free radical damage. Argan oil is non-comedogenic, so it won’t clog the pores, it also helps to reduce redness, leaving the skin soft and supple.
Bakuchiol
Question:
Can I use Bakuchiol if I have mature, reactive skin?
Bakuchiol
A plant-derived skincare ingredient found in the leaves and seeds of the Psoralea Corylifolia plant. It is a potent antioxidant that helps to fight signs of aging, and visibly reduces skin discolorations that is a result from environmental exposure. Bakuchiol is also known to reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles and has a soothing effect on the skin, which helps to comfort skin and minimize issues associated with sensitive, reactive skins and even acne-prone skins because of its calming properties.
Bentonite Clay
Question:
Is Bentonite Clay good oily, acne-prone skin?
Bentonite Clay
Bentonite clay is a natural clay made from volcanic ash that contains a multitude of minerals, including iron, calcium, magnesium, potassium, silica, sodium, and more. It is known for its absorbent qualities and is often used in masks and other skincare products designed to reduce excess oil, reduce the appearance of pores and exfoliate dead skin cells. Bentonite clay is a great ingredient for oil, acne-prone skins as it helps to mattify the skin, controls oil, and helps to reduce the appearance of enlarged pores. It also helps to reduce the look of scars and is ideal for treating blemishes, but also works to minimize skin conditions like eczema, dermatitis, and psoriasis.
Benzoyl Peroxide
Question:
I have acne, how will Benzoyl peroxide benefit me?
Benzoyl Peroxide
Benzoyl peroxide is a white powder that acts as a drying and antibiotic ingredient. When benzoyl peroxide is applied to the skin, it helps to remove excess moisture, oil, and other compounds that cause the buildup of bacteria. It is commonly used in the treatment of acne by penetrating deep into the pores, flooding it with fresh oxygen that helps to kill acne-causing bacteria. Not only does benzoyl peroxide fight acne-causing bacteria, but it also helps to exfoliate old skin cells and excess oil out of pores. Additionally, it has anti-inflammatory properties that help to soothe redness and swelling which usually accompanies acne-prone skin.
BHA - Beta Hydroxy Acids
Question:
Would Beta Hydroxy Acids help to unclogged my pores?
BHA - Beta Hydroxy Acids
Beta hydroxy acids are an oil-soluble chemical exfoliator, well-known for their ability to penetrate into the pores, helping to rid it of dirt, oil, and acne-causing bacteria. It has anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties, which help to calm down redness and irritation, making it an ideal ingredient for those who have oily or acne-prone skin and should be used with caution on sensitive skin types. The most common BHA include: Salicylic Acid
Biotin
Question:
What are the benefits of using Biotin?
Biotin
Also known as vitamin B7 and vitamin H, biotin is a water-soluble vitamin produced by the body and found in certain foods. It helps the body to break down and process fats and proteins. Biotin is known to improve the overall health of the skin, nails, and hair by effectively helping it to become stronger as well as to promote growth.
Castor Oil
Question:
Can I use castor oil to moisturize excessively dry skin?
Castor Oil
A botanical oil extracted from the seeds of Ricinus communis. Castor oil is an emollient, meaning it traps moisture into the skin to minimize dryness and boost hydration within the skin. Castor oil is rich in fatty acids and antioxidants and may have a slightly sticky feel on the skin. It also enhances the absorption of other active ingredients into the skin’s layer, where it’ll work more efficiently.
Ceramides
Question:
Are Ceramides good for my eczema?
Ceramides
Ceramides are lipids (fatty acids) that are found naturally in the uppermost layers of the skin that support the skin's barrier function by forming a protective layer that limits moisture loss and protects the skin against visible damage caused by pollution and other environmental stressors. Skincare products containing ceramide will help to reinforce the skin’s barrier protecting it from external irritants and helping with inflammatory skin conditions like eczema, rosacea, acne, and psoriasis.
Chamomile
Question:
Can I use Chamomile as a natural alternative to treat my eczema?
Chamomile
Chamomile is considered a medicinal herb that is rich in flavonoids, alpha-bisabolol, blue chamazulene, farnesene, and polyenes, giving it anti-inflammatory, anti-erythema, and anti-pruritic properties, which can calm and accelerate healing of damaged skin cells. The extracted oil of the chamomile plant is bisabolol, which is high in panthenol that stimulates cell turnover. Chamomile works to soothe the skin, helping to treat eczema and other dry skin conditions.
Chemical Sunscreen
Question:
Can I use a sunscreen without leaving a white cast?
Chemical Sunscreen
Chemical sunscreen ingredients penetrate the top layers of the skin to absorb damaging UV rays before they can harm your skin. Depending on the formulation, chemical sunscreens may be easier to rub into the skin and are less likely to leave a white cast and should also be applied 15 minutes before sun exposure to effectively protect your skin from UV rays.
Citric Acid
Question:
Is Citric Acid an Alpha Hydroxy Acid?
Citric Acid
Citric acid is an alpha hydroxy acid naturally found in citrus fruits such as lemons and limes. In skincare, citric acid is often used in products designed to exfoliate dead skin cells and support cell turnover, helping improve the appearance of photoaged skin and restore skin elasticity. It is also a good source of antioxidants.
Coconut Oil
Question:
Is Coconut Oil good for my skin?
Coconut Oil
Coconut oil is rich in vitamin E, proteins, and lauric acid – which is known for its antimicrobial, moisturizing properties. This helps to strengthen the skin’s protective barrier and improve moisture retention healing dry, irritated skin conditions such as eczema. Coconut oil is packed with antioxidants and has many benefits when used on the skin, including helping to minimize the signs of aging, moisturizing, reducing temporary redness, smoothing skin’s texture, and repairing damaged skin and hair. One key factor to know about coconut oil when using it for the face is that it’s considered comedogenic, meaning it can potentially clog pores for those with combination or oily skin.
Coenzyme Q10
Question:
Will Coenzyme Q10 help to improve the appearance of hyperpigmentation?
Coenzyme Q10
Coenzyme Q10, more familiarly known as CoQ10 is a naturally produced bodily enzyme and one of the most fundamental anti-oxidants, helping to protect cells from free radical damage and generate energy in your cells. Its benefits include but are not limited to, reducing sun damage, improving skin hydration and evening out skin tone. CoQ10 works to block tyrosinase, which helps with the production of melanin, helping to fade and prevent dark spots. As we mature, aging and stress slows down its production and our supply decreases, but luckily there are alternative sources in the forms of serums, moisturizers and under eye creams that we can use to keep our skin looking youthful.
Collagen
Question:
Does Collagen help to delaying signs of aging?
Collagen
Collagen is the most abundant protein in the body and is present in the skin, tendons, cartilage, linings of the bones, and blood vessels. It helps the body maintain its shape by supporting and connecting tissues and internal organs while retaining the skin’s elasticity and hydration. Collagen is responsible for keeping the skin firm, supple and smooth but as we age, our collagen production decreases, speeding up the aging process. The great news is that collagen can be consumed orally and applied topically by adding collagen-rich products to our skincare resulting in an overall youthful skin appearance.
Copper Peptide
Question:
Is Copper Peptides good for premature aging skin?
Copper Peptide
Copper peptides are naturally existing in human tissues, and functions by helping the production of collagen and elastin fibers, therefore slowing the aging process and protecting the skin from early signs of aging. Over time, copper peptides begin to deplete but when used in skin care it induces a skin-tightening effect that helps to improve skin firmness and elasticity. And added benefit of copper peptides is that it provides antioxidant protection, neutralizing free-radicals and reducing visible signs of photodamage and aging, because of its ability to stimulate rapid production of collagen and fibroblasts. It visibly firms the skin, resulting in a youthful skin appearance.
Dimethicone
Question:
Will Dimethicone clogged my pores?
Dimethicone
A man-made silicone-based ingredient that is used in many skincare products as a stabilizer, designed to form a silky, smooth texture for easy spreadability. Dimethicone functions by forming an occlusive barrier on the skin, securing moisture while keeping out environmental stresses such as humidity, without clogging the pores. In addition, it fills in the pores and smooths blemishes. Dimethicone is non-comedogenic and non-acnegenic and is commonly used in oil-free formulations to give long-lasting moisturization without clogging the pores.
DMAE | Dimethylaminoethanol
Question:
Is Dimethylaminoethanol good for my mature skin?
DMAE | Dimethylaminoethanol
Dimethylaminoethanol is an active ingredient that helps to improve skin elasticity and decrease inflammation, delaying the aging process. Using products with DMAE is ideal for mature skin types, who have visible signs of aging. It also helps to hydrate and even out skin tone.
Essential Oils
Question:
Are Essential Oils safe to be used on the skin?
Essential Oils
Essential oils are botanical compounds that have been around for centuries and are used in many cultures for medicinal purposes, cooking, perfumes, and cosmetics. Recently, they have been gaining popularity for their healing and calming effects when used for aromatherapy. Just like many people, if you struggle with insomnia, you might want to consider adding essential oils to your nighttime routine. Some of the best essential oils used for sleep and relaxation are Lavender, Chamomile, and Valerian oils.
Ferulic Acid
Question:
What are the benefits of Ferulic Acid?
Ferulic Acid
Ferulic acid is a natural plant-based, powerful antioxidant that comes from the seeds of apples and oranges. It has excellent skin penetration properties, that help slow the aging process by simultaneously protecting the skin from free radicals, correcting existing damage, and brighten dull uneven skins. This ingredient is one of the most potent antioxidants as it enhances the stability of other antioxidants such as vitamin C and E.
Glycerin
Question:
Can I use Glycerin if I have oily skin?
Glycerin
As a powerful humectant, glycerin attracts water to the skin helping it retain its moisture levels, promotes healing, reducing irritation, and provides protective qualities by restoring the skin’s barrier function promoting skin health. The humectants properties in glycerin help to lock in moisture, keeping the skin soft and hydrated. Oily, acne-prone skin will benefit greatly from the skin-soothing properties of glycerin.
Glycolic Acid
Question:
Should I use sunscreen when using Glycolic acid?
Glycolic Acid
A derivative of sugarcane, glycolic acid is an AHA that forms a part of naturally occurring acids that are found in foods. Glycolic acid has the smallest molecular size of all the AHAs, allowing it to easily penetrate the skin. When using glycolic acid, it increases the skins sensitivity to UV rays, which is why it is of utmost importance to always wear sunscreen. Often found in in skin peeling products due to its exfoliative properties, making it an ideal ingredient as it works on cell turnover and stimulates collagen production for a younger, brighter and healthier skin.
Grape Seed Extract
Question:
Is Grape Seed Extract good for wound healing?
Grape Seed Extract
The grape seed extract is rich in linoleic acid and an excellent source of vitamins C and E, as well as antioxidants are known as flavonoids, all of which improve skin texture and reduce the signs of aging. It is a lightweight oil that’s non-comedogenic, making it suitable for most skin types including sensitive and acne-prone skins. A grape seed extract has the ability to release endothelial growth factors and its topical application results in contraction and closure of the skin wound. In addition, it exerts antioxidant and antibacterial actions, making it a great ingredient to promote wound healing.
Green Tea Extract
Question:
Can I use Green Tea Extract as a natural alternative treatment to sooth my rosacea?
Green Tea Extract
Green tea extract is a powerful antioxidant, which helps to neutralize free radicals. It also has excellent antibacterial and anti-inflammatory benefits, which help to reduce inflammation associated with acne, rosacea, psoriasis and is tolerated well by sensitive skin types. Aside from its anti-aging benefits, it is also commonly found in many eye cream treatments because of its vitamin K, which helps to brighten dark circles.
Hazelnut Oil
Question:
Can I use Hazelnut oil if I have oily skin with acne?
Hazelnut Oil
Hazelnut oil is loaded with skin-nourishing vitamins and essential fatty acids that help protect the skin against sun damage, boost collagen production making it a key component in anti-aging. Along with reducing the appearance of wrinkles, it also reduces the appearance of scars and dark spots. Hazelnut oil is a naturally alcohol-free astringent that helps to remove acne-causing bacteria without drying out your skin, making it ideal for sensitive skins that are prone to acne breakouts.
Hyaluronic Acid - HA
Question:
Why is Hyaluronic good for dehydrated skin?
Hyaluronic Acid - HA
Hyaluronic acid is a hydrophilic (water-loving) molecule that has the ability to draw moisture right out of the air and hold up to 1000 times its weight in water and retain it in your skin. It is naturally present in our skin but as we age, the body’s production slows. This ingredient is famously known for its hydrating properties and is, therefore, a common ingredient used in products that are designed to combat dryness and improve skin texture and elasticity.
hydroquinone
Question:
Can I use hydroquinone to treat my pigmentation while pregnant?
hydroquinone
Hydroquinone is a white, granular compound that is very effective, when used in addition to broad-spectrum sunscreen, to lightening the skin or fading dark spots. It works by inhibiting the enzyme tyrosinase, which helps to produce melanin - the pigment that gives skin its color. It is one of the most researched lightening agents, but can cause severe irritation and hyperpigmentation if not used correctly. For this reason, it’s best to avoid ingredients like hydroquinone, unless prescribed by a board-certified dermatologist. It is also not recommended to use hydroquinone during pregnancy as it may have a direct impact on the unborn child.
Iron Oxide
Question:
Are Iron Oxides safe to use in skincare and makeup products?
Iron Oxide
Iron oxide is a skin-coloring mineral, that is derived from naturally occurring mineral deposits. There are red iron oxides, yellow iron oxides, and black iron oxides, which can be blended to color foundations, concealers, face powders, lipsticks, and eye shadows. It is also used to add the ‘tint’ to tinted sunscreen formulas. Sunscreens formulated with iron oxides, especially when combined with zinc oxide and titanium dioxide, offer enhanced protection against blue light. Iron oxides are considered to be well-tolerated by most skin types and is known for being a non-irritant on the skin, rendering it safe to use for sensitive skin types. The multifaceted iron oxide is resistant to moisture, which enhances the longevity of a product. It is safe and gentle when used on the skin. It also protects the under-eye skin against continuous exposure to blue light, while combating signs of aging by reducing the formation of wrinkles and fine lines and maintaining the health of the skin.
Jojoba Oil
Question:
Can I use Jojoba Oil to treat Sunburn?
Jojoba Oil
Jojoba oil is a lightweight yet rich source of fatty acids and antioxidants, offering various skin benefits such as hydration, repairing damage and soothing skin irritation. Rich in Vitamin E, a strong antioxidant, it helps to reduce inflammation and speed up cell regeneration, making jojoba oil a great treatment for sunburn.
Keratin
Question:
Is Keratin naturally present in our body?
Keratin
Keratin is an insoluble protein that is found in large amounts in the body and is responsible for building strength and adding structure to our skin, hair, and nails. It is a well-known ingredient that is more often found in hair care products to repair damaged, overprocessed hair and in nail treatments that strengthen weakened nails.
Kojic Acid
Question:
Can I use Kojic acid as an alternative treatment for my dark spots?
Kojic Acid
Kojic acid is derived from the fermentation process of turning rice into sake and is often used in skincare as a skin-lightening ingredient. This ingredient lightens skin by preventing the production of melanin – the pigment that gives skin color, making it an ideal ingredient for those who suffer from melasma, age spots, and other pigmentation issues.
L-Ascorbic Acid
Question:
Is L-Ascorbic Acid a form of vitamin C?
L-Ascorbic Acid
L-Ascorbic acid is a potent form of vitamin C that functions as an antioxidant to neutralize free radicals from the sun and pollution. Topical vitamin C can help to reduce visible signs of pigmentation while evening out and brightening skin. It has the added benefit of slowing down the aging process by stimulation collagen production and protecting the skin against environmental damage.
Lactic Acid
Question:
Can I use Lactic acid if I have dry skin?
Lactic Acid
It is a water soluble alpha hydroxy acid (AHA) derived from a variety of sources. A popular ingredient used in exfoliating cleansers, creams and peels, which works by gently exfoliating the material that holds onto old skin cells, to reveal healthier-looking skin. Lactic acid has skin-conditioning benefits and has the ability to enhance hydration, while gently exfoliating the skin, and improving skin tone and texture, as well as reducing the appearance of dark spots. This ingredient is often found in products that contain a mixture of AHAs including glycolic and maleic acid. While it is important to wear sunscreen daily, it is even more important to wear it when using AHAs, as the skin will tend to be a slightly sensitive and as a means to prevent sun damage.
Lavender Oil
Question:
What are benefits of using Lavender oil?
Lavender Oil
A fragrant plant with antibacterial and antiseptic properties, traditionally used for its healing and calming effects on the skin. It also has anti-inflammatory properties, making it ideal to alleviate acne, eczema dermatitis, and psoriasis.
Macadamia Nut Oil
Question:
Can I use Macadamia Nut Oil to help moisturize my dry skin?
Macadamia Nut Oil
Macadamia nut oil is an excellent source of vitamin E, making it easy for the skin to absorb without feeling greasy. It is known to nourish the skin; help combat dry skin and lock in moisture. It has the ability to mimic your skin's natural oils, allowing you to maintain your natural glow.
Malic Acid
Question:
Will using Malic Acid help to improve my skin texture?
Malic Acid
A variant of the alpha hydroxy acid (AHA) class and a natural substance found in fruits, vegetables, and the human body. Malic acid works to boost the immune system, improve oral health and balance internal pH levels. Known for a multitude of skin benefits, malic acid is often found in toners, exfoliants, and masks to remove dead skin cells to improve the skin’s texture, brighten and reduce the appearance of large pores. It may also boost collagen production with long-term use to help reduce fine lines and wrinkles, making it a popular ingredient in eye creams and other anti-aging products.
Mandelic Acid
Question:
Can I use Mandelic Acid if I have sensitive skin?
Mandelic Acid
Mandelic acid is a highly effective, multitasking acid that is great for tackling a variety of skin concerns. As an alpha hydroxy acid, it helps buff away dead skin cells and boosts cell turnover. Its antimicrobial properties also make it a popular ingredient among products that fight acne and control excess oil. Mandelic acid’s larger molecular structure limits skin penetration, making it gentler than glycolic and lactic acids and ideal for sensitive skin.
Niacinamide
Question:
Does the use of Niacinamide help to reduce the appearance of enlarged pores?
Niacinamide
Niacinamide is an active form of Vitamin B3, a water-soluble vitamin that works with the natural substances in your skin to help visibly minimize enlarged pores, improve uneven skin tone, soften fine lines and wrinkles, diminish dullness, and strengthen a weakened surface. It is a stable ingredient not affected by light, damp surroundings, or oxidation. Niacinamide also reduces the impact of environmental damage because of its ability to improve the skin’s barrier, which is the first line of defense, so it helps to reduce the skin's sensitivity to certain irritants. It plays a role in helping skin to repair signs of past damage. Left unchecked, this type of daily assault makes skin appear older, dull, and less radiant. Niacinamide may also have an effect on acne-prone skin due to its anti-inflammatory properties. In addition to its anti-aging and anti-inflammatory properties, niacinamide also has an effect on sun damage and hyperpigmentation.
Olive Oil
Question:
Can I use Olive Oil on my hair, as well as my skin?
Olive Oil
Olive oil is a liquid fat obtained from olives, a traditional tree crop of the Mediterranean Basin, with a long history of being used as a home remedy for skincare. Aside from its natural anti-inflammatory and anti-microbial properties, olive oil is rich in polyphenols, squalene, and vitamins A, E—all good for the skin and hair. Suitable for all skin types, olive oil wards off free radicals and other environmental aggressors to maintain a more youthful appearance.
Omega-3 Fatty Acids
Question:
Are Omega-3 Fatty Acids good for anti-aging?
Omega-3 Fatty Acids
Omega-3 fatty acids are a class of essential fatty acids – fats that your body cannot make, but we must get it from food sources. It is an essential nutrient that has multiple benefits such as regulate the skin’s oil production, improve hydration and minimize signs of aging.
Panthenol
Question:
Can Panthenol help me sooth my sunburn?
Panthenol
Also known as pantothenic is a form of vitamin B5, that is used in skincare products as a humectant because of its ability to attract and hold moisture. When applied to the skin, it converts to pantothenic acid pulling water in the cells to retain moisture deep in the skin’s tissues. It helps to relieve dryness, irritation, and sunburn.
Peptides
Question:
Are Peptides good for aging skin?
Peptides
Peptides, which could be both naturally occurring or synthetically made, are the master builders for your skin. They work by communicating specific actions to cells—like telling your skin it was damaged and signaling the production of new collagen. By doing this, peptides can rejuvenate signs of aging, reduce hyperpigmentation, and repair skin damaged by injury or the sun.
PHA | Polyhydroxy Acids
Question:
Can I boost the efficiency of my skin products with Polyhydroxy Acids?
PHA | Polyhydroxy Acids
PHA are chemical exfoliants that have larger molecules than AHA and BHA but work similarly by exfoliating dead skin cells on the surface, resulting in a more even skin tone and texture. They also help skincare ingredients penetrate deeper into the layers of the skin, boosting their efficiency.
Physical Sunscreen
Question:
How does a Physical Sunscreen work to protect me from UV rays?
Physical Sunscreen
Physical sunscreens consist of ingredients that form a barrier on the surface of the skin that helps reflect UV rays away from the skin. These physical sunscreen filters are ideal for both daily and prolonged, intense sun exposure because of their broad-spectrum protection against both UVA and UVB rays. Physical sunscreens primarily protect skin by absorbing UV rays into the skin and then turning them into heat, absorbing 95% of rays and reflecting back 5% of UV rays. Physical sunscreen filters include: • Zinc Oxide • Titanium Dioxide
Phytic Acid
Question:
I have rosacea, can I use Phytic Acid?
Phytic Acid
Is a natural, plant-based acid is found in grain and fruit seeds. Phytic acid has exfoliation benefits, and it works by chelating iron, calcium and copper, inhibiting the production of melanin production all while being one of the gentlest of all acids. Suitable for sensitive and rosacea-prone skin, phytic acid works to clear away dead skin cells to reveal fresher looking skin.
Probiotics
Question:
Can Probiotics help sooth my reactive skin?
Probiotics
Probiotics contain the ‘good’ bacteria our body naturally needs. It has a vast number of benefits when applied topically to the skin, such as reducing the threat of infection and reinforce the skin’s natural defenses against bad bacteria, pollution, and free radical damage. This ingredient is ideal for sensitive skin types, as it is known to calm and soothe inflammation, as well as for skin conditions like rosacea and acne.
Propolis
Question:
What are the benefits of Propolis?
Propolis
Propolis is a resin-like substance, which is a combination of tree sap and beeswax made by bees to fill in honeycomb crevices for protection. It is used to treat a variety of skin conditions but works specifically well on acne-prone skin as it is antibacterial, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, and has an antioxidant effect.
Quercetin
Question:
Does Quercetin have antioxidant benefits?
Quercetin
Quercetin is a rich green powder that originates from plant pigments and flavonoids found naturally in fruits, vegetables, and plants, such as berries, broccoli, green tea leaf, and moringa leaf. It can be consumed orally as a supplement and applied topically through skincare products, such as moisturizers, toners, masks, or serums for its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. It is known to reduce the harmful effects of UV radiation, fights free radicals, and calm inflammation. It functions as an antioxidant, skin-soothing agent, and restorative ingredient. Quercetin is present in herbal ingredients, including St. John’s wort and ginkgo Biloba.
Quinoa Extract
Question:
Can Quinoa Extract help with my under eye puffiness?
Quinoa Extract
Quinoa is a gluten-free grain plant highly rich in bioactive such as vitamins, minerals, proteins, and carbohydrates. Due to increasing demand for natural cosmeceuticals, quinoa is now added in modern cosmetic formulations, to provide the skin with many benefits. It offers skin conditioning effects, boosts collagen, emolliency, and seals essential moisture. Due to the presence of vitamins, it will also improve complexion, suppressing skin pigmentation and providing anti-aging, anti-wrinkle, and antioxidant benefits. Quinoa extract visibly reduces puffiness and the swollen appearance of the eye area by activating lipolysis, which is the breakdown of lipids and stimulating the synthesis of collagen. Quinoa extract maintains the structural integrity of the skin which tends to sag with age. Therefore, this ingredient helps to maintain a more youthful appearance in the eye area.
Resveratrol
Question:
How can my skin benefit from Resveratrol serums?
Resveratrol
Resveratrol is produced by plants and has been shown to have potent antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties, making it an excellent ingredient to protect, boost and strengthen the skin. Resveratrol is great anti-aging benefits. By fighting free radicals, inflammation and boosting the skin’s overall defense, resveratrol also protects the skin against UV light, environmental aggressors and bacteria.
Retinaldehyde
Question:
Can I use Retinaldehyde if my skin can’t tolerate retinol?
Retinaldehyde
Retinaldehyde, which often appears as retinal on skincare labels, is a stabilized form of Vitamin A that slowly converts to retinoic acid in the skin. It is a gentler version in the retinoic family. Like retinol, retinaldehyde rejuvenates the skin and improves its cellular-turnover rate, but in a less-irritating formulation. The conversion process within the skin allows retinaldehyde to work on a cellular level. Skin that's more prone to sensitivity can be more tolerant of retinaldehyde skincare products. It is known to repair connective tissue in the skin, boost collagen synthesis for anti-aging benefits, and increases elasticity. It also balances sebaceous oil production, thus shrinking the skin's pores to prevent them from getting clogged and inflamed.
Retinoids
Question:
How would Retinoids help to combat signs of aging?
Retinoids
Retinoids are made from vitamin A derivatives. They work by neutralizing free radicals in the skin that may be causing collagen damage. Collagen is essential to strong, youthful-looking skin. As you age, your body begins to produce less collagen and elastin. Your body also begins to break down your collagen, elastin, and fat stores. This can contribute to thin and sagging skin, fine lines, and wrinkles. In addition to preserving your collagen stores, retinoids can also promote new collagen production. It works by speeding cell turnover, stimulating collagen production, which may help to reduce the appearance of existing wrinkles and help prevent new ones from forming. Daily use of retinoids will also improve skin texture, hydration levels, skin tone, age spots, overall pigmentation. For retinoids to work, you must use them on a continuous basis. You may also need to switch products over time. These are the main types of retinoids: • Adapalene • Retinol • Retinaldehyde • Retinyl palmitate • Tazarotene • Tretinoin
Retinol
Question:
What is Retinol?
Retinol
A precursor to vitamin A, retinol is fast becoming one of the top ingredients to reduce visible signs of aging. Aside from speeding up cellular renewal to improve skin tone and texture, it also provides a rich source of antioxidants the fight off free radical damage and boosts collagen production. Making it one of the most potent ingredients for anti-aging.
Retinyl Palmitate
Question:
Is synthetic Retinyl Palmitate effective to use?
Retinyl Palmitate
Retinyl palmitate also known as vitamin A palmitate is the ester of retinol and palmitic acid. Retinyl palmitate is a synthetic alternative for retinyl acetate, which is a natural form of vitamin A. Gentler retinoids like synthetic retinyl palmitate are effective with fewer side effects, just at a slower rate. Retinyl Palmitate boosts collagen production in the skin, minimizes fine lines and wrinkles, and smooth It is an antioxidant that encourages the growth of new skin cells, enhances the overall appearance of dry or damaged skin by reducing flaking and restoring suppleness, and improving skin texture.
Rosehip Oil
Question:
What are the benefits of Rosehip?
Rosehip Oil
Rosehip oil is harvested from the seeds of rose bushes, cold-pressed or slow cooked into liquid form. It boasts vitamins A and C, antioxidants and essential fatty acids. Prized for its healing benefits, rosehip oil has been used to repair and soothe skin for centuries. It works to brighten, evens out the skin, regenerates and heals, and helps with anti-aging, elasticity, and collagen production. Lightweight and easily absorbed, rosehip oil helps lock in hydration and reduce inflammation.
Salicylic Acid
Question:
Will Salicylic Acid help me decongest my pores?
Salicylic Acid
The most common beta hydroxy acid, salicylic acid is naturally sourced from willow bark. It works by neutralizing acne-causing bacteria, by penetrating deep into pores to dissolve stubborn dirt and oils, cleansing and decongesting pores. It also works by accelerating cell turnover, speeding up the skin’s healing process. It is more often than not found in products that are formulated for acne, psoriasis, and rosacea. Take caution if: You’re pregnant, have extremely dry skin or taking certain medications as salicylic acid may interact with medication.
Shea Butter
Question:
Is Shea Butter good for my dry body skin?
Shea Butter
Shea butter naturally contains beneficial compounds like tocopherol, otherwise known as vitamin E, and catechins, which act as antioxidants. It is also rich in vitamins A and F, which have pro-aging and moisturizing properties, as well as oleic, stearic, linoleic, and palmitic acids. These are excellent for the skin's barrier and allow the butter to meld seamlessly with the natural oils on your skin to soothe dryness, promote collagen production, and hydrate skin. It also has anti-inflammatory and healing properties.
Silicone
Question:
Does Silicone moisturize the skin?
Silicone
Silicone is a synthetic polymer made up of silicon, oxygen, and other elements, such as carbon and hydrogen. Silicone’s main function is to form an occlusive layer, which means it forms a protective barrier for the skin, it also has the ability to aid in wound healing because of the barrier they create. Silicones are able to shield wounds from infection, but at the same time, the barrier is breathable. Silicone’s occlusive and emollient properties help to fill in fine lines and make skin appear smoother, which is why it is often the star ingredient in makeup primers. You will also find silicone in BB creams, foundations, and other cream-based cosmetics. While the barrier silicone creates can lock in moisture into the skin’s surface, the ingredient doesn’t actually moisturize your skin.
Squalane
Question:
What is Squalane good for?
Squalane
Squalane is a highly refined botanical lipid that is stable against heat and oxidation, with an imperceptible odor and clear color. It has a molecular structure that is very similar to skin lipids. With a natural affinity to skin, this lightweight lipid absorbs easily without leaving a greasy residue. An effective emollient, squalane has been traditionally used to help protect skin’s barrier and seal in moisture for softer, smoother skin. It has a thick consistency, making it ideal for dry and mature skin types. An added benefit is that it increases product absorption of other ingredients, enhancing the overall health and quality of the skin’s appearance.
Sunflower Seed Oil
Question:
Can I use Sunflower oil for my oily skin?
Sunflower Seed Oil
Sunflower oil is an excellent emollient that is rich in essential fatty acids and is deeply nourishing for the skin. The sunflower seed oil contains a high concentration of linoleic acid. This property makes sunflower oil a suitable ingredient in skin products due to the positive benefits of linoleic acid. Linoleic acid, being the dominant fatty acid in sunflower oil can improve skin barrier function, regulate keratinocyte proliferation and accelerate skin barrier repair. It is also a non-comedogenic carrier oil that is easily absorbed and won't clog pores. It is non-irritating and can be used on all skin types, including dry, oily, and acne-prone.
Tamanu Oil
Question:
What is Tamanu oil good for?
Tamanu Oil
Tamanu oil is an emollient that is extracted from the seeds of the tamanu nut tree. It contains moisturizing omega fatty acids and antioxidants, tamanu oil is well known to promote new, healthy cell growth. Tamanu oil also has anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and antimicrobial properties, which provide wound-healing benefits for the skin. It is often used as a skin care ingredient for anti-aging and wound healing. It helps to smooth and softens the skin, neutralizes free radicals, can help fight certain types of bacteria and fungi, soothes eczema patches, and heals wounds and minor burns and sun burn.
Tazarotene
Question:
Can Tazarotene help with my psoriasis?
Tazarotene
Tazarotene belongs to the retinoid group, which is a derivative of vitamin A. It is used to reduce facial wrinkling and discoloration, as well as acne and psoriasis by slowing skin cell overgrowth and decreasing skin cell inflammation, which can lead to acne or psoriasis. It works to reduce facial wrinkles and discoloration by causing an increase in the thickness of the outer skin layers.
Tea Tree Oil
Question:
Are Tea Tree oil products good for my acne?
Tea Tree Oil
Tea tree oil has natural antibiotic and anti-fungal properties, that help to relieve excessive oiliness, making it an ideal ingredient for problematic skin types. Known for its anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties, tea tree oil is a popular choice for treating acne. It’s thought to calm redness and inflammation as well, making it a great ingredient for acne-prone skin.
Titanium Dioxide
Question:
What is Titanium dioxide?
Titanium Dioxide
Titanium oxide is a white, naturally occurring solid best known for its protective properties against sun damage. It is a leading ingredient in sunscreens against primarily UVB rays. Titanium dioxide is known as an active ingredient in physical sunscreens. It works as a UV filtering ingredient by reflecting and blocking the absorption of the sun’s UV rays that can cause skin damage.
Tretinoin
Question:
What are the benefits of using Tretinoin?
Tretinoin
Tretinoin is also known as retinoic acid. It’s the generic name for synthetic vitamin A. It’s sold under many different brand names and Retin-A is one of those brand names, which shouldn’t be confused with retinol. It is a prescription-strength topical cream or gel. It’s used mainly to treat acne, sun-damaged skin, and fine wrinkles. Tretinoin is able to speed up the life cycle of skin cells, stimulating collagen production, and neutralizing free radicals. It makes them divide and die faster, so newer, healthier cells can take their place. It is used to treat acne, evening skin tone, and texture, helping to fade hyperpigmentation, reduce fine lines and wrinkles, and soften rough patches.
Urea
Question:
What are the benefits of skincare products containing Urea on the body?
Urea
The water-retaining property of the skin largely comes from a group of substances known as natural moistening factors (NMFs), one of them is urea. At lower concentrations, urea is a humectant, it keeps the skin moist by drawing water from the deeper layers of the skin and the air. It is widely used in a variety of body products, including body washes, lotions and creams to target general skin dryness or medical conditions associated with dryness or itchiness such as eczema. At higher concentrations, urea acts as a keratolytic agent. It helps to exfoliate the skin by breaking down the protein keratin in the outer layer of the skin. This action can help reduce old skin buildup and get rid of flaking or scaling skin. It is particularly helpful in softening and moisturizing thick, rough or callused skin found on the feet, knees and elbows. It can also be used in higher concentrations to help treat nail fungus and soften thick nails.
Vitamin A
Question:
Are Vitamin A products good for aging skin?
Vitamin A
Vitamin A is a fat-soluble vitamin that comes from a class of compounds called retinoids. It is known for its skin restorative benefits and works by accelerating exfoliation, production of new skin cells, reducing fine lines and wrinkles, acne scarring, and encourages moisture retention.
Vitamin C
Question:
What causes vitamin C serums to turn brown?
Vitamin C
Vitamin C is an antioxidant that plays a vital role in skin health. It is most effective in its stable form and has the ability to protect the skin from external damage such as free radicals, sun damage and environmental pollution. Commonly known as ascorbic acid, vitamin C is naturally occurring in both the surface and deeper layers of your skin, and when topically applied, vitamin C delivers a variety of anti-aging benefits. It also helps to brighten, boost collagen, fade hyperpigmentation, and most importantly, prevents fine lines and wrinkles. Vitamin C is very reactive and easily loses its antioxidant properties when exposed to heat, light, air, and other chemicals. This reaction alters the chemical makeup of vitamin C. To prevent it from oxidizing and deactivating, use vitamin C products that come in air-tight, opaque packages and store it in a cool, dark environment. If your product has turned brown replace it with a new bottle, as this change in color indicates that the formula has oxidized and is no longer effective.
Vitamin E
Question:
Why is Vitamin E good for my stretch marks?
Vitamin E
It is one of those important antioxidants for the proper function of many body organs, including the skin. It is well known for its ability to accelerate the skin’s healing process. Vitamin E helps to improve the skin’s strength, condition, and elasticity, helping to reduce the appearance of stretch marks and scarring. As an antioxidant, it can also help to maintain skin health by fighting damage caused by free radicals.
Witch Hazel
Question:
Is Witch Hazel good for my acne?
Witch Hazel
Witch hazel is naturally produced from the bark and leaves of the North American witch hazel plant. It works well on oily skin, due to its anti-inflammatory and astringent properties, preventing future blemishes and breakouts. It is also widely known for its soothing and antioxidant benefits but should be used with caution as it is distilled using alcohol, the ingredient can cause irritation to sensitive skin types.
Xanthan Gum
Question:
Can I use skincare products with Xanthan Gum if I have sensitive skin?
Xanthan Gum
Xanthan gum, also known as corn starch gum, is a polysaccharide that appears as a white powder. It is a naturally-derived ingredient mainly used for formulation purposes. It acts as a stabilizing, thickening, and binding agent, to prevent products from separating in skincare and cosmetics. It creates a creamy texture that is often used in moisturizers, lotions, facial cleansers, body washes, and foundation. It creates a gel-like texture and is also used as a carrier agent and allows for a smooth, even application when used cosmetically. Xantham gum is usually good for all skin types and does not cause any irritation or sensitivity, but it is possible to have an allergy to it. The potential for allergy comes from the fact that xanthan gum is derived using corn, wheat, dairy, and soy. Therefore, it is safe to use on all skin types, including sensitive skin, except for those with identified allergies to either xanthan gum or the type of grain that it is derived from. Xanthan gum, also known as corn starch gum, is a polysaccharide which appears as a white powder. It is a naturally-derived ingredient mainly used for formulation purposes. It acts as a stabilizing, thickening, and binding agent, to prevent products from separating in skincare and cosmetics. It creates a creamy texture that is often used in moisturizers, lotions, facial cleansers, body washes, and foundation. It creates a gel-like texture and is also used as a carrier agent and allows for a smooth, even application when used cosmetically. Xantham gum is usually good for all skin types, and does not cause any irritation or sensitivity, but it is possible to have an allergy to it. The potential for allergy comes from the fact that xanthan gum is derived using corn, wheat, dairy, and soy. Therefore, it is safe to use on all skin types, including sensitive skin, except for those with identified allergies to either xanthan gum or the type of grain that it is derived from.
Yeast Extract
Question:
Is Yeast Extract good for reducing inflammation?
Yeast Extract
Yeast is a microscopic fungus, rich in a mixture of flavonoids, sugars, vitamins, and amino acids. This unique derivative of fungi also contains a high concentration of antioxidants. It is capable of neutralizing damaging free-radicals that are present in the environment to maintain the skin’s overall quality and appearance. Yeast extract has also shown abilities to boost moisturize-retention and improve overall hydration, making it a good ingredient to infuse into lotions and creams. It is gluten-free and is very well tolerated by the skin. Yeast extract helps to reduce the amount of oxidative stress that occurs on the skin, inducing a calming effect that can help soothe and alleviate problematic skin. They are less likely to be recognised as foreign substances due to their protein chemistry, which is similar to human skin. This makes an allergic reaction less likely. They also improve overall hydration and can better equip the skin with natural protective qualities to promote overall health of the skin.
Zinc Oxide
Question:
What is Zinc oxide?
Zinc Oxide
Zinc oxide is a non-soluble, natural pigmented mineral. When mixed with a carrier agent like a lotion or cream, it provides the broadest protection from the sun. This ingredient is often used in sunscreens as it creates a natural barrier that prevents UVA and UVB rays from damaging skin cells. It works by reflecting the sun's rays, which prevents potentially damaging ultraviolet radiation from getting to the skin. Zinc oxide is commonly found as an active ingredient in physical sunscreens.
Acne & Blemishes
What is Acne & Blemishes?
Sebaceous (oil-producing) glands are affected by our hormones. In people who have acne, these glands are particularly sensitive, causing the glands to produce too much oil and at the same time, the lining of the pores become thickened and old skin cells are not properly shed. Resulting in a mixture of the oil (sebum) and old skin cells build up which are trapped in the pores leading to the formation of acne and blemishes. The typical appearance of acne- prone skin has a mixture of characteristics, such as oily skin, the presence of blackheads, whiteheads and red, pus-filled pimples. One of the most effective ways to treat acne is by keeping your skin clean from dirt, oil and impurities that causes acne. And never pick at your pimples. Picking can result in further inflammation and possible scarring.
Acne Body
What is Acne Body?
Our sebaceous (oil-producing) glands are affected by our hormones. In people who have acne, these glands are particularly sensitive, even to normal blood levels of these hormones. This causes the glands to produce too much oil and at the same time, the lining of the pores becomes thickened, and dead skin cells are not properly shed.
All Skin Types
What is All Skin Types?
Here at Nadara, we aim to educate. Your skin type is predetermined by your genetics - it is the skin you are born with and will have for the rest of your life. Skin types differ from one individual to the next and it will establish your daily skincare needs and routine. Knowing how to identify your skin type by its present characteristics will aid you to choose the best products for your skin’s needs. There are four different skin types: Normal Dry Oily Combination If you are unsure of which skin type you have, here is a step-by-step guide to help you identify your skin type: Cleanse your face thoroughly with a mild cleanser and pat dry. Please ensure that the skin is free of any residual product or makeup. Leave the skin bare and do not apply any additional skincare. After 15 minutes, examine your cheeks, chin, nose, and forehead. Evaluate whether your skin feels ‘parched’. Especially If you smile or make any facial expression and your skin feels tight, it is likely to be dry. If there is a noticeable shine on your cheeks, chin, nose, and forehead, you most likely have oily skin If your skin feels tight in some areas and oilier in other areas, it is likely that you have combination skin.
Anti-Aging
What is Anti-Aging?
Aging is inevitable. Our biological age determines structural changes in our skin and the efficiency of cell functions. Your skin ages with due to a combination of factors, both internal and external such as a loss of hyaluronic acid content, slower cell turnover and a reduced sebum production on the skin’s surface making dryness more likely to occur. As well as a decrease in our collagen and elastin production, thinning of the epidermal skin layer, making fine lines and wrinkles more apparent and easily formable. Skin aging varies from one individual to another but with a good skin care routine, coupled with the right ingredients will help to not only improve the overall health but also the appearance of the skin.
Body Concerns
What is Body Concerns?
Just as the skin conditions of the face, the skin on your body is equally affected by environmental factors and genetics. It is imperative to know what your skin condition is, in order to treat it effectively and achieve the desired results. We have got expert information covering you from head to toe.
Cellulite
What is Cellulite?
Cellulite is a common, harmless skin condition that causes lumpy, dimpled flesh on the thighs, hips, buttocks, and abdomen. This condition is most prevalent in women and has very little to do with body shape and weight, but is rather due to poor blood flow in the skin, forming fluid accumulations in the tissue. It is recommended to dry brush the area to improve blood circulation and use products that contain caffeine, retinol and strengthening peptides, to stimulate the area and improve the appearance of cellulite.
Combination Skin
What is Combination Skin?
With combination skin, one or more skin type is featured on the face. It presents characteristics of both dry or oily skin types as the distribution of the sebaceous (oil-producing) and sweat glands are not consistent. The area that presents with increased oil production is the T-zone (forehead, nose, and chin), while the skin on the cheeks is normal or dry. Skincare products should be selected to match the skin type accordingly. Isolate problem areas with spot treatments and use toners or balancing cream to ensure that treating the respective skin type accordingly.
Dark Circles
What is Dark Circles?
Dark circles under the eye area are a very common concern for many people. The skin under the eyes is the thinnest skin in the human body, this allows blood vessels under the skin’s surface to show through, resulting in a darker appearance. One of the most prominent causes for dark circles is hyperpigmentation, which can be caused by both environmental factors, such as prolonged screen time and poor sleep patterns and genetics.
Dehydration
What is Dehydration?
Dehydration is a very common condition in our region especially because of the hot weather all year round and being exposed to air-conditioning most of the time. A common mistake is that people tend to confuse dehydrated skin with dry skin but the two are the complete opposite of each other. Dehydrated skin is lacking water while dryness lacks oil. No one is born with dehydrated skin, it is an acquired condition that is caused by external factors.
Dry Skin
What is Dry Skin?
Dry is used to describe a skin type that produces less sebum, and as a result, the skin lacks the lipids that it needs to retain moisture and build a protective shield against external factors such as harsh weather conditions, dry air, and using incorrect skincare products that are drying to the skin. Dry skin is typically characterized by flakiness, sensitivity tends to feel tight and rough to the touch.
Dryness
What is Dryness?
Dryness is characterized by a decrease in oil production, resulting in abnormal barrier function causing the skin to feel tight, rough and in some cases, it may present with flaking. There are many factors that lead to skin dryness, such as harsh weather conditions, cold, dry air, and using skincare products that are unsuitable for your skin type or skin concern.
Dryness & Dehydration Body
What is Dryness & Dehydration Body?
Dehydration is a common condition in our region because of the constant exposure to air conditioning as well as the hot weather all year round. Dehydration occurs when we lose water through many factors such as, sweating more than usual or not drinking enough water. As a result of lack of water, the skin on the body can become dehydrated. Dehydrated skin is characterized by itchy patches, tired, dull skin appearance, visible flaking. It can be treated by using a rich moisturizing body lotion that contains glycerin or hyaluronic acid, which will help the skin retain its moisture and restore the skin’s barrier
Dullness
What is Dullness?
Dull skin is commonly characterized as skin that lacks radiance and appears flat or lackluster. Unlike radiant skin which is more translucent and reflects light evenly, dull skin often has an uneven skin tone or texture which causes light to reflect less evenly.
Eczema
What is Eczema?
Eczema is characterized by dry, flakey, itchy, and inflamed skin patches caused by many different factors. Common triggers can include chemicals found in cleaners and detergents that dry out the skin, raised body temperature, sweating, sudden drop in humidity, and is often It can occur anywhere on the face, neck, creases of your elbows and knees. People that have eczema need to apply a rich moisturizer twice daily to alleviate itching and to moisturize the affected area. To treat eczema, it is important to focus on ingredients that relieve dryness and build up your skin barrier, such as moisturizing lipids like ceramides. Tamanu oil and rosehip oil also relieve dry skin for deep moisture and aloe vera or chamomile for its soothing and calming properties.
Enlarged Pores
What is Enlarged Pores?
Enlarged pores are depressions in the facial skin surface that contain one or more openings to the ducts carrying sweat and oil from their respective eccrine (sweat) glands and sebaceous (oil-producing) glands. There are many factors that may lead to enlarged pores, such as an increased sebum production, sun damage and a loss of akin elasticity which causes pore dilation.
Face Concerns
What is Face Concerns?
Skin conditions are quite different from skin types. Our environment and genetics determine the condition of our skin. It differs from one induvial to the next, as we live in different environments, have unique genetics, and consume different diets. It is imperative to know what your skin condition is, in order to treat it effectively.
Fine Lines & Wrinkles
What is Fine Lines & Wrinkles?
Fine lines are often one of the first signs of aging. As skin begins to age, fine lines may begin to appear around the eyes and other areas of the face. These shallow lines tend to form along expression lines that appear when you smile, laugh or frown. While fine lines are superficial and closer to the skin’s surface, wrinkles are more deep-set. Over time and with exposure to UV rays and pollution, collagen, and elastin decreases, causing the skin to gradually lose its firmness. As this happens fine lines may turn into deep-set wrinkles. Skin also becomes drier with age and this tends to make lines and wrinkles more visible.
Firmness
What is Firmness?
As the skin becomes less efficient at producing new collagen and elastin, one of the most noticeable and common signs of aging is how the skin loses its youthful ability to bounce back, resulting loose, sagging skin and a general loss of firmness.
Firmness Body
What is Firmness Body?
The loss of firmness on the body is associated with the loss of fat and the deterioration or reduction of collagen and elastin in the dermis, which is responsible for keeping the skin toned and firm. As we age, less collagen and elastin are produced, including thinning of the epidermis, resulting in a loss of firmness, which is commonly seen on areas of the neck, chest, abdomen, and arms. Body toning products are a great way to help the skin look more tightened and toned.
Hair & Scalp Repair
What is Hair & Scalp Repair?
Whether you’re looking to repair dryness, tame curls, or stimulate growth, or simply want to discover the best daily hair care products to maintain healthy and lustrous hair. Environmental aggressors such as sun and pollution, combined with blow-drying, coloring, and styling, compromise our crowing glory causing weakness, split-ends, and increased risk of breakage. We can minimize damage by nourishing and protecting our strands with hair care to keep it as healthy as possible.
Hyperpigmentation
What is Hyperpigmentation?
It is a condition that causes discolored spots to appear on the skin, and the reason is due to the excessive production of melanin, the pigment that gives the skin its color. Hyperpigmentation is caused by several factors, including aging, changes in hormone levels and prolonged exposure to sunlight, so it is a common condition in our region.
Normal Skin
What is Normal Skin?
Normal skin is a term used to refer to well-balanced skin. It is the ideal skin type, which has balanced sebum production and good blood circulation. Normal skin types are identified by a smooth skin texture, fine pores, no blemishes, and few to no breakouts. Having a normal skin type does not mean that you do not need skincare, but fortunately, your skin does not have any specific concerns. You should make it a point to follow a basic skincare routine to keep the skin looking healthy and in top form.
Oiliness
What is Oiliness?
Oily skin is the result of the overproduction of sebum (oil) from the oil-producing glands, also known as the sebaceous glands, and is usually determined by genetics, hormonal changes, or even stress. Oily skin types are identified by: A greasy appearance Enlarged pores Prone to breakouts It is recommended to cleanse twice daily and to use products that contain gentle exfoliators, like salicylic acid to slough off dead skin cells to prevent pore blockages. Products labeled ‘non-comedogenic work great for oily skin as these will not clog your pores. Oil-free moisturizers are your best bet, as well as chemical exfoliants and clay masks.
Oily Skin
What is Oily Skin?
Oily skin is the result of the overproduction of sebum (oil) from the oil-producing glands, also known as the sebaceous glands, and is usually determined by genetics, hormonal changes, or even stress. Oily skin types are identified by a greasy appearance, enlarged pores, inflammation, and prone to breakouts. It is recommended to cleanse twice daily and to use products that contain gentle exfoliators, like salicylic acid to slough off old skin cells to prevent pore blockages. Products labeled ‘non-comedogenic work great for oily skin as these will not clog your pores. Oil-free moisturizers are your best bet, as well as chemical exfoliants and clay masks.
Post Procedure
What is Post Procedure?
When undergoing any aesthetic procedure, such as laser, micro-needling, extractions or a chemical peel, the skin is compromised. One way to ensure the health and vitality of the skin, while simultaneously extending the results of the aesthetic treatment, is by using a post-procedure skincare routine. The recovery of the skin after an aesthetic procedure is a vital step, as it helps to ensure that the skin recovers efficiently and quickly. You need to create a bacteria-free environment to protect the skin and minimize potential side effects, such as sensitivity, inflammation, redness and irritation.
Pregnancy
What is Pregnancy?
Pregnancy is one of the most monumental phases of a woman’s life. During this time, the body changes in exceptional ways, many of which are governed by the natural change in hormonal levels required to grow and support a baby. These hormonal fluctuations can affect the way you look and feel, and the skin is no exception. Increased hormone levels disrupt the skin’s delicate balance, speed up dehydration, making the skin more sensitive. Your skin is also prone to hormonal acne, stretchmarks, itchiness, dry skin and the “Mask of pregnancy”, known as melasma and chloasma, it causes dark splotchy spots to appear on the forehead and cheeks, as a result of increased pigmentation. The body of a mother will stretch, grow, and change. Self-care in pregnancy and motherhood should look different to previous skincare routines. For skincare recommendation, take the skin test or chat with our skin therapists to help select the best products for you.
Redness
What is Redness?
Skin redness is caused by several factors. It occurs when blood vessels under the skin surface widen to allow more blood flow, resulting in temporary flushing and this occurs because of many different reasons such as stress, during physical activity, or prolonged sun exposure.
Rosacea
What is Rosacea?
Rosacea is an inflammatory skin condition, that usually occurs on the face, which predominantly affects fair-skinned but may affect all skin types. It is a chronic condition and can persist for a long time. Rosacea tends to affect the cheeks, forehead, chin, and nose and is characterized by redness caused by dilated blood vessels, small bumps, and pus-filled spots similar to acne. In some cases, it affects the eye area and this is called ocular rosacea.
Sensitive Skin
What is Sensitive Skin?
Sensitivity generally refers to skin that has a weakened barrier making it more prone to inflammation or adverse reactions to external factors. Most people who have sensitive skin notice occasional or frequent itching, burning, and stinging of patches of skin. Using the wrong skin care products, or ingredients can trigger sensitivity as well. If you believe that you have sensitive skin, always remember to do ‘patch testing’ when trying new products to avoid any irritation.
Sensitive Skin Body
What is Sensitive Skin Body?
Sensitive skin is a skin condition that is more reactive than usual. It is easily irritated by external factors, such as the wind, sun, heat, or cold. And has a reduced tolerance to topical products. The irritation of the nerve endings occurs when the skin’s natural barrier is weakened or damaged, making it easier for external irritants to penetrate to the skin. This leads to redness, flaking, itchiness, and dryness. Replace your shower gel with a richer shower cream. Use a richer body cream, preferably one that contains mild acids such as PHA that mildly exfoliates dry, old skin cells. Strengthen the skin’s barrier with ingredients such as cholesterol and ceramides and look for products that maintain and nourish your skin’s barrier, such as glycerin, hyaluronic acid, and shea butter, these are emollients that draw and seal in moisture.
Skin Types
What is Skin Types?
our skin type is predetermined by your genetics – it is the skin you are born with and will have for the rest of your life. Skin types differs from one individual to the next and it will establish your daily skincare needs and routine. Knowing how to identifying your skin type by its present characteristics will aid you choosing the best products for your skin’s needs. There are four different skin types: Normal, Dry, Oily and combination.
Stretch Marks
What is Stretch Marks?
Stretch marks, also known as striae, are indented lines that appear when the skin stretches or shrinks suddenly, usually during weight loss or weight gain, on areas such as the abdomen, breasts, hips, buttocks, and breast area. When stretch marks first appear, they are red, pink, or reddish-brown in color and may feel slightly raised to the touch but over time its appearance changes. Using daily moisturizers or oils that are rich in vitamin A, E and hyaluronic acid will help to improve the appearance of stretch marks.
Under Eye Puffiness
What is Under Eye Puffiness?
Under eye puffiness can be hereditary or begin to develop with age. As you age, some of the muscles supporting the eyelid may weaken and the skin around the eyes gradually loses elasticity, causing the surrounding tissues to become thinner with age. Because the eye area is so delicate, excess fluid retention and other factors can cause eyes to look puffy. To visibly improve the appearance of under eye puffiness, use an eye serum or cream morning and night to help smooth and de-puff the eye area. Since the eyelids are especially delicate, it is important to use treatments specifically formulated for the eyes.
Uneven Skin Texture
What is Uneven Skin Texture?
Uneven skin texture is commonly a result of excess old skin cells that build up on the surface of the skin. This can make areas of the skin feel rough or bumpy to the touch and can also give the skin a dull, lackluster appearance.
Uneven Skin Texture Body
What is Uneven Skin Texture Body?
Uneven skin texture is the result of the accumulation of old skin cells on the skin’s surface. Dryness is a common cause of uneven skin texture, so using a mild exfoliator will give the skin a smoother, more radiant appearance. You can use chemical exfoliators that contain AHA, BHA, or mechanical body scrubs, depending on your skin type or affected area twice a week. By doing this, it will help to remove dead skin cells buildup and prepare skin for a lotion which will penetrate easily into the skin.

Understanding your skin type

Here at Nadara, we aim to educate. Your skin type is predetermined by your genetics – it is the skin you are born with and will have for the rest of your life. Skin types differs from one individual to the next and it will establish your daily skincare needs and routine. Knowing how to identifying your skin type by its present characteristics will aid you choosing the best products for your skin’s needs. There are four different skin types:

Normal

Dry

Oily

Combination

If you are unsure of which skin type you have, here is a step-by step guide to help you identify your skin type:
1– Cleanse your face thoroughly with a mild cleanser and pat dry. Please ensure that the skin is free of any residual product or makeup.
2– Leave the skin bare and do not apply any additional skincare.
3– After 15 minutes, examine your cheeks, chin, nose and forehead.
4– Evaluate whether your skin feels ‘parched’. Especially If you smile or make any facial expression and your skin feels tight, it is likely to be dry.
5– If there is a noticeable shine on your cheeks, chin, nose and forehead, you most likely have oily skin
6– If your skin feels tight in some areas and oilier in other areas, it is likely that you have a combination skin.

Let’s have a closer look at the 4 main skin types and its characteristics:

Normal Skin

‘Normal’ skin is a term widely used to refer to well-balanced skin. It is the ideal skin type, which has a balanced sebum production and good blood circulation. Normal skin types are identified by:

A smooth texture
Fine pores
No blemishes
Few to no breakouts

Having a normal skin type does not mean that you do not need skincare, but fortunately, your skin does not have any specific concerns. You should make it a point to follow a basic skincare routine to keep the skin looking healthy and in top form.

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Oily Skin

Oily skin is the result of the overproduction of sebum (oil) from the oil producing glands, also known as the sebaceous glands, and is usually determined by genetics, hormonal changes or even stress. Oily skin types are identified by:

A greasy appearance
Enlarged pores
Prone to breakouts

It is recommended to cleanse twice daily and to use products that contain gentle exfoliators, like salicylic acid to slough off dead skin cells to prevent pore blockages. Products labeled ‘non-comedogenic’ work great for oily skin as these will not clog your pores. Oil free moisturizers are your best bet, as well as chemical exfoliants and clay masks.

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Dry Skin

Dry is used to describe a skin type that produces less sebum, and as a result the skin lacks the lipids that it needs to retain moisture and build a protective shield against external factors such as harsh weather conditions, dry air and using incorrect skin care products that are drying to the skin. Dry skin is typically characterized by:

Flakiness
Sensitivity
Itchiness
Tends to feel tight and rough to the touch.

To care for dry skin, you’ll want to seal in moisture by applying a rich moisturizer to keep skin soft, hydrated and to improve skin barrier.

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Combination Skin

With combination skin, one or more skin type is featured on the face. It presents characteristics of both dry or oily skin types as the distribution of the sebaceous (oil-producing) and sweat glands is not consistent. The area that presents with an increased oil production is the T-zone (forehead, nose, and chin), while the skin on the cheeks is normal or dry. Skin care products should be selected to match the skin type accordingly. Isolate problem areas with spot treatments and use toners or balancing cream to even out the skin.

Shop our products for combination skin types

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